STANDARD 4: EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE Grades 8-12
EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE – The student will develop an understanding of energy in the earth system, geochemical cycles, the formation and organization of the earth system, the dynamics of the earth/moon/sun system, and the organization and development of the universe.
▲ = High School Assessed Indicator
Benchmark 1: The student will develop an understanding of the sources of energy that power the subsystems and cycles of the dynamic earth: the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere.
1. Understands the processes of water cycling through surface water (oceans, lakes, streams, glaciers), ground water (aquifers), and the atmosphere. (hydrological cycle)
a. Processes of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, runoff, and filtration move water through the water cycle.
b. Weather in the troposphere redistributes water on the surface of the earth through the water cycle.
c. Ground water is stored in aquifers and moved through underground streams.
d. Water in the atmosphere is in the form of water vapor and clouds.
The concepts of energy in earth’s dynamic subsystems and cycles are concepts that integrate earth/space, physical and biological sciences. These concepts may be a part of local curriculum in courses other than Earth/Space Science. Learning Science in the Outdoors: Varied experiences in the outdoors make natural processes less abstract and are critical to developing scientific literacy. Teachers are encouraged to create outdoor learning experiences for their students.