Standard 5: Science and Technology 

Grades 8-12

Science and Technology- The student will develop understandings about the relationship between science and technology.
Benchmark 1: The student will develop understandings that technology is applied science.
Indicators: The student…
1. understands technology is the application of scientific knowledge for functional purposes.
a. Technology is driven by the need to meet human needs and solve human problems.
b. Engineering is the practical application of science to commerce or industry.
c. Medicine is a practical application of science to human health.
d. All technological advances contain a potential for both gains and risks for society.
2. understands creativity, imagination, and a broad scientific knowledge base are required to produce useful results.
3. understands science advances new technologies. New technologies open new areas for scientific inquiry.
a. Technological knowledge may be kept confidential because of the commercial or military potential of the idea or invention. b. Invention which produces a new device, method or process is developed from study and experimentation often utilizing technology.

Standard 6: Science in personal and environmental perspectives.

Grades 8-12

The Student will develop an understanding of personal and community health, population growth, natural resources, environmental quality, natural and human-induced hazards, and science and technology in local, national, and global settings.
Benchmark 3: The student will understand that human populations use natural resources and influence environmental quality.
Indicators: The student...
1. understands natural resources from the lithosphere and ecosystems are required to sustain human populations.
a. These processes of ecosystems include maintenance of the atmosphere, generation of soils, control of the hydrologic cycle, and recycling of nutrients. Humans are altering man of these processes, and the changes may be detrimental, beneficial, or both to ecosystem function.
b. Natural systems can reuse waste, but this capacity is limited. Recycling and environmentally sound decisions improve the quality of human life.
2. understands earth does not have infinite resources.
a. Increasing human consumption places stress on most renewable resources a
b. Carrying capacity is the maximum number of organisms that can be sustained in a given environment. Natural resources limit the capacity of ecosystems to sustain populations.

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